Unhealthy production activities
Unhealthy production activities are industrial or manufacturing activities that produce vapours, gases or other emissions that may be extremely harmful for human health and hazardous for the environment.
The regulations of reference are It. Royal Decree no. 773 of June 18, 1931, It. Royal Decree no. 1265 of July 27, 1934 and the Decree of the Health Ministry of September 5, 1994.
There are essentially two types of required authorisations to be able to set up an unhealthy production activity: one refers to health, aiming at protecting human health, and one refers to environmental protection. For that reason, the owner (or their representative) who wishes to set up a company that falls within the list of unhealthy industries contained in It. MD September 5, 1994, must declare the relevant classification with a self-certificate directly in the Certified Start of Activity Notice (SCIA): once this declaration has been made, it is possible for the competent territorial authorities to carry out the relevant checks.