Legislative decree no. 334 of 17 August 1999, subsequently modified and supplemented by legislative decree no. 238 of 21 September 2005, implements Directive 96/82/EC (Seveso II Directive).
These provisions aim to prevent major accidents related to certain dangerous substances and to limit their consequences for human beings and the environment.
Although not substantially modifying the obligations of operators and the related control system on the part of respective Authorities, Directive 2012/18/EC (Seveso III Directive) introduces significant changes, such as the classification of substances and mixtures aligned with the CLP Regulation - EC no. 1272/2008, the obligation to assess accidents resulting from natural events among the possible accident scenarios, etc.
On 29 July 2015, Legislative Decree no. 105/2015 entered into force, implementing the Seveso III Directive on the monitoring of the danger of major accidents related to dangerous substances.