Plant Protection Products
PPPs (also referred to as 'pesticides') are products in the form in which they are supplied to the user, consisting of, or containing one or more active substances, and intended to protect crops by preventing attacks for harmful organism ('pest') or diseases. They may also contain other components including safeners and synergists.
The term includes herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, acaricides, growth regulators and repellents
Currently, Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 is the legislation in force concerning the placing of plant protection products (PPPs) on the market in the European Union.
The regulation is in force since 14 June 2011 in all Member States and repeals Directives 79/117/CEE and 91/414/EC, which will continue to apply according to the dispositions laid down in the transitional measures.
Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 and the subsequent implementing regulations laid down new rules and procedures for the evaluation and authorization of active substances and PPPs.
The authorization of a PPP is a two-step process, where EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) first evaluates active substances and, after the approval, European Member states can authorize products containing those active substances, in close cooperation with each other and with the European Commission.
The Competent Authority (CA) for the authorization of PPPs in Italy is the Ministry of Health.
All matters related to legal limits for pesticide residues in food and feed are covered by Regulation (EC) No 396/2005. This regulation also contains provisions on official controls of pesticides residues in food of plant and animal origin that may arise from their use in plant protection.