Assessing the risk means assuring the health and safety of workers in order to prevent accidents and occupational diseases due to chemicals. Harmful chemical agent refers to any substance found in the workplace that has the potential to cause damage (hazard).
The risk assessment process pursuant to Italian Legislative Decree 81/2008 considers the hazardousness component concerning health (occupational disease) as well as that related to safety (accident).
The main errors found in assessing chemical risks are:
not considering all hazardous chemical agents;
not having updated the risk assessment with the hazards pursuant to the CLP Reg.;
not having ascertained the likelihood of a certain use on the basis of exposure scenarios attached to the safety data sheets;
using risk assessment forms in the wrong way;
not assessing the chemical risk for safety;
qualifying the risk as irrelevant for health and low for safety when it is not reasonable to do so;
not carrying out exposure assessments pursuant to UNI EN standard 689;
defining prevention and protection measures on the basis of the assessments carried out.